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Intra Muscular Route of Injection - Advantages and Safe Practices

Intramuscular (IM) injection is one of many routes used for administering medications, including various kinds of vaccines, hormonal therapies, antibiotics and corticosteroids. IM injections may be a preferred route when a patient cannot tolerate oral medication or when adherence is a concern. IM injections can also be advantageous for- faster absorption compared with other routes of administration such as subcutaneous injection and slower than intravenous administration. Moreover, several medications with components that can irritate subcutaneous tissue but not muscle tissue, which also can tolerate larger fluid volumes with minimal discomfort can be administered through IM route.

Safe injection practices are part of Standard Precautions and are aimed at maintaining basic levels of patient safety and provider protections. Since injected medicines such as through IM route are commonly used in healthcare settings for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of various illnesses; unsafe injection practices can put patients and healthcare providers at risk of infectious and non-infectious adverse events. This harm is very much preventable.

As per the guidelines set up by the World Health Organization, a safe injection is as follows-

  • Which does not harm the recipient,

  • Which does not expose the provider to any avoidable risks and

  • Which does not result in waste that is dangerous for the community.

Centre for disease control (CDC) works in the direction of improving injection safety, and prevent transmission of bloodborne pathogens and other infectious diseases. CDC’s current injection safety activities include-

  • Promotion of Safe Injection Practices by collaborating with the Safe Injection Practices Coalition (SIPC) to raise awareness among patients and healthcare providers.

  • Development of Infection Control Guidelines in collaboration with Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) on Safe Injection and infection control practices applicable in all healthcare.

  • Improved Safety through Collaborations with FDA to address issues associated with medication packaging, labeling and instructions for safe use as well as to promote safe injection practices.

  • Improved Healthcare Personnel Protections from Sharps Injuries by developing guidance, tools and surveillance packages.

The CDC recommends standard medication administration guidelines for site selection and site preparation when administering IM vaccinations.

The IM Injection course training/certification/workshop at Springfield College helps prepare you get skills needed for a challenging career in a physician’s office, hospital or medical clinic. Students learn details and techniques of IM injections, various vaccines, patient communication and preparations in healthcare.

For details of the IM injection course, skills upgrading and best training-



Health Care Department

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1- Bartley Bull Parkway, Suite # 19,

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Brampton, ON, L6W 3T7

Tel: 905-216-1600

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