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Basic Patient Health Assessment

Basic Patient Health assessment is the gathering of information about a patient's physiological, psychological, sociological, and spiritual status during patient physical examination. Generally, the basic patient Health assessment is performed by a registered nurse in the hospital or a medical office assistant in a physician’s office. Basic Patient Health assessment is used to identify current and future patient care needs. It incorporates the recognition of normal versus abnormal body physiology.

While performing a physical assessment, four basic techniques are used as: inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation. They are used in the specific sequence—unless while performing an abdominal assessment. Palpation and percussion can alter bowel sounds during abdominal examination, so it must be inspect, auscultate, percuss, then palpate an abdomen.

Basic Patient health assessment is a process composed of main components such as: primary assessment, history taking, secondary assessment, and reassessment. The focused physical examination of patients should include the following components: Test Results, Assessment of physical, mental and neurological status, Vital Signs, Airway Assessment, Lung Assessment as well as CNS and PNS Assessment. The six important parts of primary assessment include following: forming a general impression, assessing mental status, assessing airway, assessing breathing, assessing circulation, and determining the priority of the patient for treatment and transport to the hospital. During primary assessment, pulse check is performed accurately. The secondary assessment is performed after a primary assessment has been performed. This is where step by step head-to-toe assessment is performed. This can include but is not limited to inspection, bony and soft tissue palpation, special tests, circulation, and neurological.

The Health Assessment program at Springfield College provides students with knowledge, information and skills in area of patient health assessment. The program is designed to assist health professionals to refine their assessment skills in order to acquire data to complete health history and physical examination of various adult patients. The content will focus upon patient health history, culture and diversity, interviewing, mental status, communication and nurse-patient relationships, safety, cultural beliefs and values. Physical and psychosocial assessment of body systems like respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, nervous and genitourinary will be examined across the lifespan.

For details of the Patient Health Assessment program and the best training-



Health Care Department

Bartley’s Square

1- Bartley Bull Parkway, Suite # 19,

(Across Shoppers World Brampton, Above Food Basics)

Brampton, ON, L6W 3T7

Tel: 905-216-1600

E-Mail: info@; admin@

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