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Updated: Apr 5, 2021

Sclerotherapy is a treatment in demand for varicose veins and spider veins in recent times since these unwanted veins are not only a medical problem but also a cosmetic concern. Varicose veins are visible, protruding, abnormal veins that appear just below the skin. The word "varicose" comes from the Latin word for "twisted." Whereas the word Sclerotherapy reflects the Greek skleros, meaning hard, which is a procedure used to treat blood vessel malformations (vascular malformations) and also malformations of the lymphatic system. In this procedure, a medicine(sclerosant agent) is injected into the vessels, which makes them shrink. Depending upon the condition, Sclerotherapy and laser vein treatments, separately or sometimes in combination are the modern procedures of choice to eradicate visible spider veins and their symptoms.

The abnormal veins may occur in different patterns such as clusters that look like spider webs. They may also be large, single veins that are easily visible and posing esthetic problems. Although spider veins are common and usually harmless conditions, they can also be irritating, embarrassing and negatively impact self-confidence. The blood flow in these veins has been affected and has been either slowed down or reversed. These varicose veins are most commonly found on people's legs, especially their calves, and are made up of stretched, expanded, or twisted veins. However, in present times, varicose veins and abnormal veins are also found to be present as various varicosities on different parts of the body such as hands, face, breasts, lips, genitals, etc. These varicose or spider veins whether small or big, painful or asymptomatic, may need treatment for medical as well as esthetic reasons. Lifestyle changes and compression stockings are usually the first line of defense against these enlarged and visible vessels.

As per various studies, between 10% and 20% of the population worldwide has some form of varicose veins. They appear between the ages of 30 and 70, and they usually get worse with age. Moreover, varicose veins are found to occur 2 to 3 times more often in women than in men. It is also estimated that 50% of people with varicose veins may have a family history of the condition. Chief factors leading to the conditions predominantly include unhealthy lifestyle, pregnancy, long hours of standing or sitting in one position, long hours of working on computers, sedentary lifestyle, and very restricted leg movements. Other factors also include being overweight or obesity, age - they appear more often as people grow older, and sex - they are more commonly found in women.

The exact cause of varicose veins is not always possible to know because of the complex nature of veins, the body's blood circulation system, and other body processes that affect the way our veins work. However, it is sure that in most of the above-mentioned situations the valves that push blood through the varicose veins stop working properly, causing blood to collect in specific areas in the veins. The veins then expand and the blood in them begins flowing in reverse direction. Moreover, the evidence suggest that varicose veins may be veins that are naturally weak, a condition that could be inherited. This means varicose veins and spider veins can be hereditary and may run in families. The modern studies have detected correlation between varicose veins and diabetes. Infrequently, varicose veins can be symptoms of serious health problems, such as tumors in the pelvis.

It is interesting to know that many visible varicose veins do not mean a condition with a lot of pain. The condition can be asymptomatic, may be for a long time. One can have a spider-web of raised veins over most of the leg that may not hurt at all. Also, one might have only one vein that still manages to cause a lot of discomfort. Affected individuals many times experience aching, stretching or cramping at night, swelling, and a feeling of fullness in the legs. These symptoms in women, become worse before menstruation or after standing for a long time. There is some chance of developing ulcerations(varicose ulcers) around the affected veins, or bleeding veins. Eczema and discoloured skin in the area around the affected veins can also occur. There are many complications associated with varicose veins and spider veins. It is therefore imperative to be assessed by a healthcare professional who is skilled in Sclerotherapy and these veins must be treated at earliest possible.

VENOUS SCLEROTHERAPY-BASIC PROGRAM AND ADVANCED PROGRAM-training/ certification/ workshop program at Springfield College is aimed to dispense knowledge of the procedure and skills basic to establish problem veins and related steps involved for their treatment in medical settings, using proper techniques and universal precautions, a significant tool for medical office team members. Students participate and perform hands-on procedures.

The program helps prepare you get skills needed for a challenging career in medical & medical esthetic fields. Students learn details and techniques of safe sclerotherapy procedures, patient communication and preparations for Venous Sclerotherapy in healthcare. Learn the basics application - skills & safety of Sclerotherapy procedure for Vein conditions, Spider Veins, Varicose Veins, Unwanted Facial or Leg veins, which is an integral part of modern-day health care systems. The course material includes details and requisites of Sclerotherapy as procedure, medical supplies, various agents and solutions used, and detailed illustrations related to the techniques you learn.


1- Bartley Bull Parkway, Suite # 19,

(Across Shoppers World Brampton, Above Food Basics)

Brampton, ON, L6W 3T7

Tel: 905-216-1600

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